Accordingly to the list Mining Business License (Izin Usaha Pertambangan/IUP) which had been issued by the national government of Indonesia, the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resource, Republic of Indonesia, in August 2016, it is possible to acquire image about the total width of exploited area for mining activities in Indonesia. Those lists consisted of all licenses that were issued by national and provincial level government.

The Kalimantan Island, with five administrative provinces, is the widest area with mining potential resources in Indonesia. It is approximately 3.664 Mining Business Licenses with details of 3.646 IUPs, 15 KPs (Kuasa Pertambangan/Mining Concession Amendment), and 3 SIPDs (Surat Izin Pertambangan Daerah/Regional Mining Authorization). With those numbers of licenses, the total area of explorated areas for mining activities is about 21.125.125,49 hectares.

If you are travelling by aircrafts in Kalimantan Island, especially East Kalimantan, you will be able to witness the real condition of rainforests of this island. It is terrifying! The green areas are very small among the housing complexes and mining activities. Furthermore, the dense rows of oil palm plantations will also amazed you, then the exposed lands, huge holes of mined areas, and the giant machines of vehicles as convoys of ants from heights.

These photos were taken during the air trip with commercial airplane to some areas of East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Form above, as eagle may see, the mother earth of Kalimantan is peeled up forcefully with the monster machines of miners.



Flying over East Kalimantan Province, this view will be seen mostly through the areas. This province has the widest area for mining exploration in Indonesia.


As the capital city of East Kalimantan Province, Samarinda has issued amounts of mining business license. And this view is visible before landing at APT. Pranoto Airport from Sepinggan Airport, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan.


The areas nearby Samarinda, East Kalimantan, are mainly explorated by mining companies. And sometimes the mining areas are closely located to the populated areas.


And if we are flying from Sepinggan Airport, Balikpapan, to Kalimarau Airport, Berau, the similar scenery is seen through airplane window. And this district is second largest area of mining business activities in this East Kalimantan Province.


And before landing at Kalimarau Airport, Berau, the exposed areas of mining activities are clearly seen. Aside of coal mining, this district also has potential of palm-oil plantations.


Since decades ago, the giant coal mining companies had been operated in this district. And accordingly to the reports of some mining watches organizations, the degraded soil is happening to the ex-mining areas.


Just before landing at Kalimarau Airport, Berau, the exposed areas for coal mining activities are zoomed-in. With huge mining vehicles working all days and nights times.